‘Much to do’ for CAV future
The House of Lords Science and Technology Committee has published its report Connected and Autonomous Vehicles: The future? which indicates there is ‘much to do’.
The report, which sets out recommendations for the government to ensure it makes policy and investment decisions to enable the UK to receive maximum economic benefit from autonomous vehicles, highlighted how the main social, behavioural and ethical questions relating to autonomous cars remain largely unanswered; such as whether they will reduce accidents caused by human error. The committee heard evidence that autonomous vehicles have the potential to lower the number of road fatalities, but the eradication of human error will only be realised with full automation which could take decades.
Furthermore, the report suggests autonomous cars could have negative implications for drivers’ competence, making drivers complacent and overly reliant on technology.
The report states that the government must broaden its focus so that its work on Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAV) cuts across all sectors and does not focus so heavily on road vehicles. The report highlights how early benefits are likely to come in sectors such as marine and agriculture therefore the government must not allow media attention around driverless cars to cause it to lose sight of the many potential benefits that CAV can provide in areas outside the roads sector.
It also highlighted there is no clear central coordination of strategy or information sharing across the different sectors that could benefit from CAV technology, or robotics more broadly and recommends the government must take steps to ensure that information is shared across sectors, including the establishment of a Robotics and Autonomous Systems (RAS) Leadership Council as soon as possible.
The government must also take action with Highways England and Local Transport Authorities to engage with industry to examine the potential for ensuring that new infrastructure can be future-proofed and will not need expensive retro-fitting.
The report notes that existing automotive manufacturers and new entrants will carry out their own research and development for fully automated cars, therefore, the government should not need to invest heavily or take the lead in this area.
Chairman of the committee, the Earl of Selborne said, ‘Connected and Autonomous Vehicles is a fast-moving area of technology and the government has much to do, alongside industry and other partners, to position the UK so that it can take full advantage of the opportunities that CAV offer in different sectors.
‘In order to ensure that the UK can benefit from emerging CAV technologies the government must continue to take action to close the engineering and digital skills gap. We welcome the focus on skills in the Government’s Industrial Strategy Green Paper and urge the government to find innovative solutions to this problem.
‘Long-term developments in CAV have the potential to bring about transformational change to society but these changes will only take place if society is willing to both pay for and to adapt its behaviour to fit the technology.’